Why did the British colonize Australia and New Zealand?

Britain began colonizing Australia in 1789 with convicts to relieve their overcrowded prisons. After their sentences were served, freed prisoners became settlers.

Why did the British colonize New Zealand?

Britain was motivated by the desire to forestall the New Zealand Company and other European powers (France established a very small settlement at Akaroa in the South Island later in 1840), to facilitate settlement by British subjects and, possibly, to end the lawlessness of European (predominantly British and American) …

Why did the British colonized Australia?

They were attracted by the easily available land (which led to conflict with the aborigines). They could make a living raising sheep or by catching seals and whales. In 1826 settlers began colonising Western Australia.

What did the British do in Australia and New Zealand?

The British conquered Australia and used it first as a penal colony and later as a civilian colony for themselves. In New Zealand, the Europeans made a treaty with the Maori that gave them effective rule and ownership of the land.

What did the British want from the Māori?

The chiefs would give up ‘sovereignty’; Britain would take over the purchasing of land; Māori would have the protection and all rights and privileges of British subjects, and would be guaranteed possession of their lands, forests, fisheries and other properties for as long as they wanted to keep them.

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How did British rule impact Australia and New Zealand?

Britain agreed to Australian demands for self-rule. The colonies united into the independent Commonwealth of Australia. Britain annexed New Zealand. As colonists poured in, the took more and more land, leading to fierce wars with Maori.

Who colonized New Zealand?

Though a Dutchman was the first European to sight the country, it was the British who colonised New Zealand.

How did Britain take over New Zealand?

William Hobson had been appointed Britain’s consul to New Zealand in 1839. … On 21 May 1840 Hobson proclaimed British sovereignty over all of New Zealand – over the North Island on the basis of cession through the Treaty of Waitangi, and over the southern islands by ‘right of discovery’.

How did the British go about populating Australia?

How did the British go about populating Australia? They used it as a penal colony for convicted criminals. After they served their sentence, the convicts could buy land and settle. What industry developed into Australia’s biggest business?

Do Aussies and Kiwis get along?

The Aussies and the Kiwis usually get along pretty well and the nations enjoy a very healthy relationship but it’s a sibling-like rivalry and either sides desperately want to get better of each other.

What impact did the Europeans have on NZ?

As Europeans settled in New Zealand, they brought more changes to the remaining forests, animal diversity and landscape stability. Along with immigrants came new animals, crop plants, parasites and diseases. The remaining lowland forests and scrubland were burnt, drained, logged and cleared for farms and cropping.

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