In time, Australia did reveal its natural resources, such as gold, sapphires, opals, coal and iron (much later discoveries included uranium and natural gas). These made the early colonies much more valuable than simply a place to dump exiles from the home country.
What did the British want from Australia?
They were attracted by the easily available land (which led to conflict with the aborigines). They could make a living raising sheep or by catching seals and whales. In 1826 settlers began colonising Western Australia.
What resources did the British want?
England, in what is now Britain, wanted more land overseas where it could build new communities, known as colonies. These colonies would provide England with valuable materials, like metals, sugar and tobacco, which they could also sell to other countries.
Why did Britain wanted Australia to be part of the empire?
The reasons that led the British to invade Australia were simple. The prisons in Britain had become unbearably overcrowded, a situation worsened by the refusal of America to take any more convicts after the American War of Independence in 1783.
What did Australia export to the British Empire?
Australia also sent half her exports home. Amongst these were wool, tallow, fresh mutton, preserved meat, silver and gold ore, hides, furs, skins, wheat and flour, butter, rabbits, and wine.
Why is Australia Day 26th January?
1788. Captain Arthur Phillip, commander of the First Fleet of eleven convict ships from Great Britain, and the first Governor of New South Wales, arrived at Sydney Cove on 26 January and raised the Union Jack to signal the beginning of the colony.
What happened on 26th January?
This Day in History: January 26
On this day in 1788, Arthur Phillip, who had sailed into what is now Sydney Cove with a shipload of convicts, hoisted the British flag and established the first permanent European settlement on the continent of Australia.
What materials or resources did Britain gain from its early colonies?
Lumber, wool, iron, cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo were among the products needed in England. British manufacturers in the meantime needed markets for the goods they produced. The American colonies bought their cloth, furniture, knives, guns, and kitchen utensils from England.
Why did Britain need resources from Africa?
The British believed that because they had superior weaponry and were therefore more technologically advanced than the Africans, that they had a right to colonize and exploit the resources of the Africans in the name of promoting civilization.
What resources did Britain take from Africa?
The New Colonialism: Britain’s scramble for Africa’s energy and mineral resources. The report reveals the degree to which British companies now control Africa’s key mineral resources, notably gold, platinum, diamonds, copper, oil, gas and coal.
What animals did the British bring to Australia?
Australia’s Most Invasive Species
- Brumby. Introduced to Australia in 1788 aboard the First Fleet from Europe, horses were transported across for farm and utility work by the settlers. …
- Cane Toad. …
- Dromedary Camel. …
- European Honey Bee. …
- European Rabbit. …
- Feral Cat. …
- Feral Deer. …
- Feral Goats.
How old is Australia?
As such a nation, created through law, Australia is 117 years old.
Is Australia still under British rule?
Australia is a constitutional monarchy with The Queen as Sovereign. As a constitutional monarch, The Queen, by convention, is not involved in the day-to-day business of the Australian Government, but she continues to play important ceremonial and symbolic roles. The Queen’s relationship to Australia is unique.
What goods were imported from the British Empire?
During the 19th century, Britain imported hundreds of commodities from all over the world. Ten of the most important were cotton, wool, wheat, sugar, tea, butter, silk, flax, rice and guano.
What goods were traded in the British Empire?
They traded sugar cane, tea, silk, paintings, art, jewels, sugar,cotton, perfumes and tobacco. The British Empire grew the British economy, it traded their goods and all profits were sent to Britain.
What foods did the UK bring to Australia?
The First Fleet arrived in Sydney in 1788 with basic food supplies, including flour, sugar, butter, rice, pork and beef, expecting to grow food when they arrived.