Drawing on nearly two centuries of detailed data on tax and trade, Patnaik calculated that Britain drained a total of nearly $45 trillion from India during the period 1765 to 1938.
What were the costs and benefits of British rule in India?
Improvement of government in the native states. Security of life and property. Services of educated administrators, who have achieved these results. Materially: Loans for railways and irrigation. Development of a few valuable products, such as indigo, tea, coffee, silk, etc.
What were the consequences of British rule in India?
They forced the commercialisation of agriculture with the growing of various cash crops and the raw materials for the industries in the Britain. With the strong political control, the British were able to monopolise the trade with India. They defeated their foreign rivals in trade so that there could be no competition.
How much did Britain spend on India?
Patnaik concluded that Britain plundered almost $45 trillion from India between 1765 to1938, based on nearly two centuries of precise tax and trade data. This amount is almost 17 times the current combined GDP of Britain and India.
What were the benefits of British rule in India?
The Benefits of British Rule for India: In the Cause of Humanity: Abolition of suttee and infanticide. Destruction of Dacoits, Thugs, Pindarees, and other such pests of Indian society. Allowing remarriage of Hindu widows, and charitable aid in time of famine.
What were two positive effects of British rule in India?
Positive Impact: Some positive impact of the British rule in India were the introduction of the railways, post and telegraph system for masses, introduction of Western sceinces and the English language. However, it is to be noted that the British intorduced railways for its own benifits.
What were the positives and negatives of British rule in India?
What were the positives and negative effects of British rule on Indians? Positive: Improved transport, Farming methods, order justice, and education. Negative: Exploitation, destruction of local industry, deforestation, and famine.
How did the British destroy the Indian economy?
The British took flourishing ventures like textiles, shipbuilding, and steel and annihilated them through savagery, taxes, import taxes, and forcing their exports and items behind the backs of the Indian customer.
How did the British exploit India economically?
The British government destroyed Indian industries. The British adopted such type of policies that completely destroyed Indian handicraft industries. Indian goods were banned in England. Heavy taxation was applied on their production and export.
What was one negative consequence of the British Raj’s rule in India?
What was one negative consequence of the British raj’s rule in India? Sanitation and public health continued to suffer. The legal system saw few modern improvements.
How did Britain make money from India?
How did this come about? It happened through the trade system. Prior to the colonial period, Britain bought goods like textiles and rice from Indian producers and paid for them in the normal way – mostly with silver – as they did with any other country.
How did India become poor?
Famines and diseases killed millions in multiple vicious cycles throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries. After India gained its independence in 1947, mass deaths from famines were prevented. Since 1991, rapid economic growth has led to a sharp reduction in extreme poverty in India.
Was India a rich country?
Yes, with its huge population India had the largest or the second largest economy for most of the the last two millenia and yes, the British used every policy to take the wealth out and fill their coffers and made India the dirt poor country it was at the time of its independence, but India had always been a low wage …
Do you think the benefits of British rule to India outweigh its costs?
Do you think the benefits of British rule to India outweighed its costs? Explain your reasoning. No, because people’s lives were lost and that’s worth more than anything.
Why were many Indians unhappy with British rule?
Indians were unhappy during british rule because indians were not allowed to make their choices n had to pay taxes for their own grown things such as rice.
What problems did British rule bring?
What problems did British rule bring? British rule brought economic and social problems. Indian industry died out because of British trade laws. Many farmers and villages could no longer feed themselves because they were forced to grow cash crops.