The Irish Home Rule movement was a movement that campaigned for self-government (or “home rule”) for Ireland within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. It was the dominant political movement of Irish nationalism from 1870 to the end of World War I.
When was the first home rule?
The Government of Ireland Bill 1886, commonly known as the First Home Rule Bill, was the first major attempt made by a British government to enact a law creating home rule for part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
What was the Third Home Rule Bill 1912?
On 11 April 1912, the Prime Minister introduced the Third Home Rule Bill which would grant Ireland self-government.
When did British rule in Ireland end?
British rule in Ireland began with the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland in 1169. Most of Ireland gained independence from Great Britain following the Anglo-Irish War as a Dominion called the Irish Free State in 1922, and became a fully independent republic following the passage of the Republic of Ireland Act in 1949.
What is home rule in history?
Home rule is government of a colony, dependent country, or region by its own citizens.
When did Britain promise home rule to Ireland?
The Irish War of Independence (1919–1921) ensued. Britain went ahead with its commitment to implement Home Rule by passing a new Fourth Home Rule Bill, the Government of Ireland Act 1920, largely shaped by the Walter Long Committee which followed findings contained in the report of the Irish Convention.
When did Ireland get independence?
9 April – 250,000 Orangemen converged on Balmoral Showground in Belfast, declaring that under no circumstances would they accept Home Rule. 11 April – The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom H. H. Asquith introduced the Third Home Rule Bill in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.
When did the Irish Volunteers become the IRA?
The most intense period of the war was from November 1920 onwards. The IRA campaign can broadly be split into three phases. The first, in 1919, involved the re-organisation of the Irish Volunteers as a guerrilla army and only sporadic attacks.
When did DC get home rule?
The Council of the District of Columbia is the legislative branch of local government established by the “District of Columbia Home Rule Act of 1973”, enacted by Congress and ratified by District voters.
When was Ireland first inhabited?
Historians estimate that Ireland was first settled by humans at a relatively late stage in European terms – about 10,000 years ago. Around 4000 BC it is estimated that the first farmers arrived in Ireland. Farming marked the arrival of the new Stone Age.
Why did England want Ireland?
As others have mentioned, it had manpower, a strategic location for both Britain’s role as a global naval power and as a potential launching pad for an enemy invasion (which the English rightly feared; Irish lords had called upon the Hapsburg king of Spain to send troops during the 9 Years’ War, and the revolutionary …
How long did the British occupy Ireland?
Ireland 1916: how 800 years of British rule led to violent rebellion. On Easter Monday, April 24, 1916, the streets of Dublin were transformed into a war zone.
Who started home rule movement?
Home Rule League, either of two short-lived organizations of the same name in India established in April and September 1916, respectively, by Indian nationalist Bal Gangadhar Tilak and British social reformer and Indian independence leader Annie Besant.
Why did the Home Rule movement start?
The Ghadar Mutiny and its suppression led to an atmosphere of resentment against British colonial rule. Wartime policies such as the 1915 Defence of India Act, which were perceived as oppressive restrictions, also contributed to the rise of the Indian Home Rule movement.
Why did the home rule approach to local government emerge in the late 1800s?
Why did the “Home Rule” approach to local government emerge in the late 1800s? Cities were faced with population growth and changes in infrastructure that necessitated rapid and responsive local action under broad authority.